Terminology

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Abutment
A titanium implant component that extends from the implant fixture through the skin surface in order to stabilize an external prosthesis.
Anaplastologist
An allied health care professional who specializes in providing custom-made eye, facial, and somatic prostheses.
Anaplastology
The art and science of prosthetic restoration of the eye, face, finger or other parts of the human body through artificial means. From the Greek ana, again, + plastos, formed.
Auricular
Referring to the external ear (auricle).
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Bone anchored implant
A titanium fixture that is placed into bone and used for the support of prosthetic devices or hearing aids.
CCA (Certified Clinical Anaplastologist)
The credential of CCA is conferred upon those individuals who have fulfilled requirements of the BCCA board and are granted a Certificate of Qualification for the Practice of Clinical Anaplastology. Individuals displaying the mark of CCA practice safe and effective patient care and are committed to continuing education.
Check socket
A temporary clear sleeve, made off of the patient’s model in the same material as the final prosthesis, that is tried on the patient to aid in obtaining a proper fit.
Congenital
An unusual condition present at birth.
Craniofacial
Related to or involving both the cranium and/or the face.
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Disarticulation
An amputation through a joint: commonly the hip, shoulder, knee, ankle, elbow, or wrist.
Exenteration
Surgical removal of the contents of the orbit (eye socket) including the eyeball, fat muscles and other adjacent structures of the eye. The eyelids may also be removed in cases of cutaneous (skin) cancers and unrelenting infection. An orbital prosthesis is typically recommended following this surgery.
Facial Prosthesis
An artificial substitute for missing or disfigured facial anatomy that restores form and function.
Hemifacial Microsomia
A congenital condition affecting one side of the face that may include malformations of the ear and smaller than normal jaw bones.
Impression
Also known as a moulage. A procedure in which a soft dental material is applied to the affected and surrounding areas of the patient’s face in order to record the soft tissue contours. A plaster-like material is then poured into the impression to create a working model.
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Keloid
An overgrowth of collagenous scar tissue at the site of a skin injury, particularly a wound, burn or surgical incision. The new tissue is elevated, rounded, and firm. Young women and African-Americans are particularly susceptible to keloid formation. Keloids tend to recur after excision.
Lateral
To the side, away from the mid-line of the body.
Maxillofacial Prosthodontist
A dental specialist who deals with replacement of teeth and other structures of the mouth and face using artificial means.
Medial
Toward the mid-line of the body.
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Microtia
A congenitally underdeveloped external ear.
Midfacial
Relating to the nose and surrounding anatomy.
Nasal
Relating to the nose.
Neuroma
The end of a nerve left after amputation. The nerve will continue to grow in a circular pattern and can be troublesome, especially when trapped in scar tissue. A small mass or ball formed as nerve fibers continue to grow after being severed in the amputation.
Neurofibromatosis
A genetic condition characterized by the formation of multiple benign tumours of peripheral nerves, called neurofibromas , and pigmented spots on the skin, sometimes accompanied by bone deformity.
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Ocular
Relating to the globe of the eye or eyeball; also refers to an eye prosthesis or artifical eye.
Ocularist
An allied health professional who specializes in prosthetic restoration of the eye.
Orbital
Relating to the round cavity in which the eye is located; also refers to a prosthesis that replaces the eye and eyelids as well as other surrounding anatomy.
Osseointegration
The process of bone growing tightly around titanium fixtures, so that they can be used as an anchor for a prosthetic device.
Otolaryngologist
A physician specialized in diagnosing and treating diseases of the head and neck, especially those involving the ears, nose, and throat (ENT). Also called an ENT, or ENT doctor.
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Partial Facial
A prosthesis that includes part of the face not necessarily associated with a facial feature.
Prosthesis
A device that is an artificial substitute for absent or deficient anatomy.
Reconstructive
A surgical procedure or prosthetic device performed or created to correct abnormal structures of the body, caused by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors, or disease. Reconstructive surgery or prosthetic devices are generally performed or created to improve function, but may also be done to approximate a normal appearance.
Residual Limb
The remaining portion of a limb after amputation.
Rhinectomy
Surgical removal of the nose.
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Silicone
A synthetic rubber material that is biocompatible and has desirable properties for use in prosthetics.
Somatic
Relating to or affecting surface of the body.
Titanium
A corrosion resistant silvery metallic chemical element whose strength, light weight, and biocompatibility make it an ideal material for implantation into the human body.
Treacher Collins Syndrome
A genetic condition with facial bone abnormalities including defects of the eye, depressed cheek bones, receding chin, small jaw, and underdeveloped ears.
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